Energy used for crops and livestock production comes in many forms: fuels, electricity and fertilizers. Energy heats water for washing crops and powers lighting for production and handling areas. Livestock, fruit and vegetable production may use energy for heating, ventilation and refrigeration. Transportation uses more energy to move inputs to farms as well as produce and livestock from farms to value added processors, markets and consumers.
Sustainable, viable farms maximize energy efficiency and minimize costs for all aspects of production. [Read more here.]